During a biopsy, a small piece of tissue is removed from an area of the mouth and sent to the laboratory for examination under a microscope. An area could either be removed completely (excisional biopsy) or a small piece could be removed to aid diagnosis if the lesion is large (incisional biopsy). With an incisional biopsy, the entire lesion could later be removed based on the diagnosis from the biopsy. In a lot of cases, Biopsies are done under local anesthesia and stitches are usually put in afterwards which dissolve within two weeks after the procedure.

When the local anesthetic wears off, little or no pain/discomfort can be expected which could last for a few days. Simple painkillers are appropriate to relieve any pain/discomfort. Also, minimal bleeding can be expected which usually stops very quickly after the procedure. If bleeding starts when you get home, apply pressure using the gauze we must have provided you or a rolled-up handkerchief. if bleeding still persists, call our office.

Vigorous rinsing of your mouth should be avoided on surgery day as this can cause bleeding. Clean your mouth as usual and include the teeth around the surgery site. However, be careful not to bite numb areas of your mouth. If you find that food catches around the stitches then the area can be gently rinsed with a mouthwash or warm salt water (dissolve a teaspoon of kitchen salt in a cup of warm water) commencing on the day after surgery.